Some history of the Apostles:
Many people often don't consider that "history" can be disputed, especially the older the history professes to be.
History surrounding Biblical figures is always disputed by someone. This is natural when you consider that most so called "historians" have a particular bias on Christ and the Bible so the view of history is skewed based on what one's perspective is.
This article updated and summarized from more than one source including Agard's Bible timeline and others to give the reader a good idea of the leading theories. I usually state both more "objective" or even "skeptical" historical view and also include the more accepted Christian oral tradition.
Consider that the printing press was did not exist until around 1440 when it was invented by German Johannes Gutenberg in the Holy Roman Empire.
So when you hear history that is based on "tradition" and word of mouth "legend" don't be too quick to ignore it, since most of human history as we know it was passed on in this manner.
Many times the tradition and word of mouth is later verified by archaeological and other discoveries such as when the Apostle Philip's tradition was later supported by an Archaeological discovery.
Also, of all the Ancient writings in existent none is more copied, circulated and tested than The Bible.
Summary: The Bible only mentions the deaths of two apostles, James who was put to death by Herod Agrippa I in 44 AD and Judas Iscariot who committed suicide shortly after the death of Christ.
The details of the deaths of three of the apostles (John, the Beloved, Bartholomew and Simon the Canaanite) are not considered strongly evidenced by many.
The deaths of the other seven apostles are known by tradition or the writings of early Christian historians. According to traditions and the Bible, eight of the Apostles died as Martyrs.
At least two of the Apostles, Peter and Andrew were crucified.
After walking with Christ, Peter was ready to die with Him.
Simon surnamed Peter died 33-34 years after the death of Christ. According to Smith’s Bible Dictionary there is "satisfactory evidence that he and Paul were the founders of the church at Rome, and died in that city.
The time and manner of the apostle’s martyrdom are less certain. According to the early writers, he died at or about the same time with Paul, and in the Neronian persecution, A.D. 67,68. All agree that he was crucified.
Origen says that Peter felt himself to be unworthy to be put to death in the same manner as his Master, and was therefore, at his own request, crucified with his head downward."
James the son of Zebedee: He was put to death by Herod Agrippa I shortly before the day of the Passover, in the year 44 or about 11 years after the death of Christ. From Acts 12: 1-2.
John: No death date given by early writers. Death date is by conjecture only and is variously assigned as being between 89 AD to 120 AD
There is tradition that has it that he faced martyrdom when he was boiled in huge basin of boiling oil during a wave of persecution in Rome but that he was miraculously delivered from death.
John was then sentenced to the mines on the prison island of Patmos . He wrote his prophetic Book of Revelation on Patmos . The apostle John was later freed and returned to serve as Bishop of Edessa in modern Turkey . He died as an old man, the only apostle to die peacefully.
Andrew: No accurate death date given. A variety of traditions say he preached in Scythia, in Greece, in Asia Minor and Thrace. He is reported to have been crucified at Patrae in Achaia.
According to that tradition Andrew was crucified on an x-shaped cross in Patras , Greece .. After being whipped severely by seven soldiers. Further it is said they tied his body to the cross with cords to prolong his agony.
His followers reported that, when he was led toward the cross, Andrew saluted it in these
words: 'I have long desired and expected this happy hour. The cross has been consecrated by the body of Christ hanging on it.' He continued to preach to his tormentors for two days until he expired.
Philip: Again, the Bible does not say when he died nor do we have firm information. According to tradition he preached in Phrygia, and died at Hierapolis. Update: FoxNews July 27, 2011 Tomb of the Apostle Phillip is found in Hierapolis.
Bartholomew (aka Nathaniel) : A leading tradition says Bartholomew suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia , killed by a sword wound. Some would say the information concerning his death is not strong enough to be reliable.
Tradition also says Nathaniel was a missionary to Asia and that He witnessed for his Lord in present day Turkey . According to this tradition Bartholomew was martyred for his preaching in Armenia where he was flayed to death by a whip.
Matthew: He must have lived many years as an apostle, since he was the author of the Gospel of Matthew which was written at least twenty years after the death of Christ. There is reason to believe that he stayed for fifteen years at Jerusalem, after which he went as missionary to the Persians, Parthians and Medes. There is a legend that he died a martyr in Ethiopia
Thomas: The earlier traditions, as believed in the fourth century, say he preached in Parthia or Persia, and was finally buried at Edessa. The later traditions carry him farther east. His martyrdom whether in Persia or India, is said to have been by a lance, and is commemorated by the Latin Church on December 21 the Greek Church on October 6, and by the Indians on July 1.
James (son of ) Alpheus : We know he lived at least five years after the death of Christ because of mentions in the Bible. he leader of the church in Jerusalem according to tradition was thrown over a hundred feet down from the southeast pinnacle of the Temple by the Scribes and Pharisees when he refused to deny his faith in Christ.
When they discovered that he survived the fall, his enemies beat James to death with a fuller's club dashing out his brains. * This was said to be the same pinnacle where Satan had taken Jesus during the Temptation.
Simon the Canaanite – No information on his death the Bible. Disputed by tradition.
This Apostle cited in Luke 6:15 ( Simon called Zelotes ), Matthew 10:4 and Acts 1:13 is also considered to be a Black Apostle.
Jude (Thaddeus) according to tradition Jude taught in Armenia, Syria and Persia where he was martyred, killed with arrows for refusing to deny his faith in Christ.
Tradition tells us he was buried in Kara Kalisa in what is now Iran.
Judas Iscariot: Shortly after the death of Christ Judas killed himself. According to the Bible he hanged himself, (Matthew 27:5) at Aceldama, on the southern slope of the valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, and in the act he fell down a precipice and was dashed into pieces.
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